A dosimeter is a device used to measure and monitor exposure to radiation doses such as X-rays and gamma rays. The process is known as dosimetría. It only describes the level of radiation that has affected the human body.
In the fields of health physics and radiation protection, radiation dosimetry is the measurement, calculation, and evaluation of the ionizing radiation dose absorbed by an object, typically the human body. It is true both internally, as a result of ingested or inhaled radioactive substances, and externally, as a result of radiation from sources of radiation.
Dose concept of a dosimeter
Here the dose concept of Dosimeter is explained in a very straightforward way:
1. Absorb Dose
Our bodies absorb many different types of radiation. That radiation has a wide range of effects on our bodies. Whether or not the radiation has harmed the body, it is absorbed. The absorb dose is the level of radiation that we or our bodies come into contact with and absorb.
For example, when we are outside, we are frequently exposed to sunlight. When the sun’s rays hit us, our bodies absorb them. Our bodies heat up at that time, but we don’t have to measure the heat. We simply need to determine how much of the sun’s radiation has been absorbed by our bodies.
Dosimetría is now a relatively simple method for determining radiation and its effect. It is measured in the Grayscale (GY). A dose of one grey corresponds to one kilowatt-hour of energy deposited in one kilogram of substance.
2. Equivalent Dose
Equivalent doses have some biological effects on our bodies. It can be harmful to our bodies in a variety of ways. The body absorbs alpha and beta particles when they come into contact with it. Alpha particles are more hazardous to our health. The equivalent dose is the amount of damage caused by these particles.
3. Effective Dose
Radiation strikes our eyes and can also enter our lungs. It also has a negative impact on our kidneys and liver. There are numerous effects on our bodies, but we must determine which parts are harmed by radiation.
Assume that the radiation that causes damage to our eyes does not also cause damage to our lungs. It is called an effective dose that does not harm the lungs but does harm the kidneys.
The dosimeter measures the level of radiation that our bodies have absorbed. Attempts to learn about the dangers to which radiation has exposed the body.